Metabolism is the process by which your body yields energy from proteins, carbohydrates, and fats you eat. Chemicals in your digestive system break the food particles down into sugars and acids to use it as fuel, using it directly or sending it to storage for later use, storage tissues are like: liver, muscles, and body fat.
A metabolic disorder occurs when abnormal chemical reactions in your body disrupt this normal metabolism process, manifested in having too much or too little of substance that you need to stay healthy and maintain normal body functions.
Metabolic disorders can be inherited (when person is born with the disorder) or developed late in one's life (like diabetes).
Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of metabolic risk factors that come together and are related to occurrence of insulin resistance, which means that cells don't respond normally to insulin anymore, and glucose can't enter the cells as easily. As a result, blood glucose levels rise despite your body's attempt to control the glucose by churning out more and more insulin. Leading to higher than normal levels of insulin in your blood, and probably –eventually- to diabetes when your body is unable to make enough insulin to keep the blood glucose within the normal range
Do be listed as having metabolic syndrome, you should have three or more of the risk factors related to metabolic syndrome, which are:
- Excessive belly fat, (having an "apple shape").
- Increased blood pressure (hypertension)
- High blood sugar level, (hyperglycemia)
- Abnormal levels of blood fats, including (cholesterol) and (triglycerides)
But having just one of these conditions doesn't mean you have metabolic syndrome. However, any of these conditions increase your risk of serious Heart disease, stroke and diabetes. If more than one of these conditions occur in combination, your risk is even greater.
If you have at least one of metabolic syndrome characteristics you may have the others, but you don’t know it yet. It's worth Ask your doctor whether you need testing for other components of the syndrome and what you can do to avoid serious diseases.
Waist circumference equal or more than (88 cm) for women, and (102 cm) for men has related to alleviated chances and high risk for health problems and diseases, if your waist circumference reaches or exceeds this value you need to take action and follow proper diet and workout program before it's too late.
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